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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2005;37(3): 207-212.
Cerebral Hemodynamic Analysis in Pediatric Moyamoya Patients using Perfusion Weighted MRI.
Won Seok Chang, Tae Gon Kim, Seung Koo Lee, Jung Uhn Choi, Dong Seok Kim
1Department of Neurosurgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. dskim33@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr
2Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Classically, single photon emission tomography is known to be the reference standard for evaluating the hemodynamic status of patients with moyamoya disease. Recently, T2-weighted perfusion magnetic resonance(MR) imaging has been found to be effective in estimating cerebral hemodynamics in moyamoya disease. We aim to assess the utility of perfusion-weighted MR imaging for evaluating hemodynamic status of moyamoya disease. METHODS: The subjects were fourteen moyamoya patients(mean age: 7.21yrs) who were admitted at our hospital between Sep. 2001 to Sep 2003. Four normal children were used for control group. Perfusion MR imaging was performed before any treatment by using a T2-weighted contrast material-enhanced technique. Relative cerebral blood volume(rCBV) and time to peak enhancement(TTP) maps were calculated. Relative ratios of rCBV and TTP in the anterior cerebral artery(ACA), middle cerebral artery(MCA) and basal ganglia were measured and compared with those of the posterior cerebral artery(PCA) in each cerebral hemispheres. Using this data, we analysed the hemodynamic aspect of pediatric moyamoya disease patients in regarding to the age, Suzuki stage, signal change in FLAIR MR imaging, and hemispheres inducing symptoms. RESULTS: The mean rCBV ratio of ACA, MCA did not differ between normal children and moyamoya patients. However the significant TTP delay was observed at ACA, MCA territories (mean = 2.3071 sec, 1.2089 sec, respectively, p < 0.0001). As the Suzuki stage of patients is advanced, rCBV ratio is decreased and TTP differences increased. CONCLUSION: Perfusion MR can be applied for evaluating preoperative cerebral hemodynamic status of moyamoya patients. Furthermore, perfusion MR imaging can be used for determine which hemisphere should be treated, first.
Key Words: Pediatric moyamoya disease; Cerebral hemodynamics; Perfusion MRI
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