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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 30(2); 2001 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2001;30(2): 163-167.
Percutaneous Vertebroplasty in Treatment of Osteoporotic Vertebral Body Fractures: Early Result.
Young Sang You, Jae Hack Shin, Il Man Kim
1Department of Neurosurgery Gumi Goryu Hospital, Kyongbok, Korea.
2Department of Neurosurgery Koryeng Youngsang Hospital, Kyongbok, Korea.
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE
S: Percutaneous vertebroplasty has recently been introduced as an interesting therapeutic alternative for the treatment of thoracolumbar vertebral body fractures in elderly persons with osteoporosis. The authors present the early results of this method.
METHOD
AND MATERIAL: From July 1999 to April 2000, percutaneous transpedicular technique was used in 20 patients (2 men and 18 women) whose mean age was 67.5 years old(range 59-79) with painful vertebral compression(22) and burst(2) fractures. The interval between fracture and vertebroplasty ranged 1 day to 4 months. The procedure involved percutaneous puncture of the injured vertebra via transpedicular approach under fluoroscopic guidance, followed by injection of polymethylmetacrylate(PMMA) into the vertebral body through a disposable 11-guage Jamshidi needle.
RESULT
The most common cause of fracture was slip down and the most frequent injured level was the twelfth thoracic spine. The procedure was technically successful bilaterally in 18 patients(9 thoracic and 15 lumbar spines) with an average injection amount of 7.7ml PMMA in each level. Seventeen(94.4%) patients reported significant pain relief immediately after treatment. Two leaks of PMMA were detected with postoperative CT in spinal epidural space and extravertebral soft tissue without clinical symptoms.
CONCLUSION
Although this study represents the early results, percutaneous vertebroplasty seems to be valuable tool in the treatment of painful osteoporotic vertebral body fractures in elderly, providing acute pain relief and early mobilization.
Key Words: Osteoporosis; Vertebroplasty; Polymethylmetacrylate; Compression fracture; Pain
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