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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1981;10(2): 449-458.
A Clinical Study of Intraventricular Hemorrhage.
K S Lee, H D Jho, Y R Yoo, N K Kim, H Y Chung
Department of Neurosurgery, Hanyang University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
A series of 40 patients with intraventricular hemorrhage(IVH) diagnosed by computed tomography is presented. The outcome of these patients was analyzed with ages, causes, clinical features and CT findings. Various factors which may affect the prognosis of IVH were considered. Overall mortality rate was 64.7%; 22 of the 34 patients were dead, 7 were recovered without residual disability(20.6%) and 5 were handicapped(14.7%). Of the 22 patients who died only 5 were dead within 48 hours(22.7%). Majority of the dead were died within 2 weeks(77.3%). The results suggested that IVH by itself is not directly concerned with the death. In predicting the prognosis, the level of consciousness on admission, causes of IVH, degree of ventricular extension and distortion, and presense or absence of midline shift seem to play a role. Age, site of hemorrhage and amount of intracerebral hematoma also affect the prognosis but had no statistical significance.
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