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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 5(2); 1976 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1976;5(2): 91-104.
Analysis on the Result of Treatment of Hypertensive Intracerebral Hemorrhage.
Joon Ki Kang, Ki Yong Park, Young Soo Ha, Jin Un Song
Department of Neurosurgery, Catholic Medical College, Seoul, Korea.
We have experienced 109 cases of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery of Catholic Medical Center from January 1973 to August 1976. We analized the result of treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage and assessed prognostic factors affecting the results of surgical treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. 1. The age of the patients did not significantly influence on the mortality of operative or non-operative cases provided the age is below sixty. 2. The amount of hematoma did not directly related to the outcome of operated cases if the hematoma is less than 50ml, while the mortality was considerably increased if the clot was more than 50ml. 3. There was no specific difference in operative mortality between total evacuation and partial evacuation of hematoma in surgery of the hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage, but total evacuation had better result than that of partial evacuation in the functional recovery. 4. The operative mortality of the hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage was 43.6% and 55.7% in non-operative cases. Thalamic hemorrhage carried the highest mortality either operated or conservatively treated. 5. The surgical treatment carried better result than non-operative treatment in the case showing progressive change in consciousness following intracerebral hemorrhage. Conservative treatment obtained good result in the cases showed progressive improvement of conscious level following intracerebral hemorrhage. 6. The interval from the ictus to surgical intervention did not constantly influence on the result of surgery and it might be wise to decide the time of surgical intervention according to the progressive changes in conscious level and neurological status after bleeding. 7. The operative result was favorable in the patients who has shown progressive worsening of conscious level and neurologic status following clear conscious at hemorrhage (class II). We also noted that the patients were unconscious at ictus then became progressively stupor with increasing neurologic deficit showed better result with surgical treatment than non-operative care.
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