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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1993;22(11): 1213-1219.
Recurrent Hypertensive Intracerebral Hemorrhage.
Sang Ick Park, Dong Gee Kang, Sang Chul Kim
Department of Neurosurgery, Fatima Hospital, Taegu, Korea.
Thirty six conseutive patients with recurrent hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage were identified in a retrospective review of 307 cases of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage(HICH) treated at the Fatima hospital between September, 1989, and August, 1992. The recurrence rate was 1.7%. There were 14 males and 22 females, aged 38 to 83 years. Only one patient had recieved regular antihypertensive therapy after initial hemorrhage. The mean volume of hemorrhage was 21.7cc at first attack and 19.5cc at recurrent attack. The site of recurrent hemorrhage was putamen in 18 cases, thalamus in 12 cases, cerebellum in 8 cases and lobar in 3 cases. The most common pattern of recurrence was "Ganglionic-Ganglionic"(10 cases). Recurrent hemorrhage occurred at the same side in 54.8% and same side & same wite in 16.7% of recurrent hemorrhage. Mean interval between the hemorrhage was 17.4 months and 55.8% of recurrent hemorrhage occurred within 1 year. Initial condition was worse at recurrent hemorrhage and outcome also was worse regardless of treatment methods. We concluded that recurrent intracerebral hemorrhage in HICH patients was not a rare condition and regular follow up and antihypertensive therapy was important in prevention of recurrent hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage.
Key Words: Recurrent; Hypertension; Intracerebral hemorrhage
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